Der 1. FC Köln ist mit Mitgliedern der größte Sportverein in Köln und der sechstgrößte in Deutschland. Der Klub wurde am Februar durch Zusammenschluss der beiden Fußballvereine Kölner BC 01 und SpVgg Sülz 07 gegründet. Die Universität zu Köln ist eine Hochschule mit dem klassischen Fächerspektrum einer Volluniversität. Als eine der größen Hochschulen Europas arbeitet sie in. Köln (kölsch Kölle; lateinisch Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium oder nur Colonia) ist mit rund 1,1 Millionen Einwohnern die bevölkerungsreichste Kommune.
Kölm Was ist los in Köln?
Thus the municipal council though in strict political opposition towards the archbishop depended upon him in all matters concerning criminal justice.
This included torture, the sentence for which was only allowed to be handed down by the episcopal judge known as the "Greve".
This legal situation lasted until the French conquest of Cologne. Besides its economic and political significance Cologne also became an important centre of medieval pilgrimage, when Cologne's archbishop, Rainald of Dassel , gave the relics of the Three Wise Men to Cologne's cathedral in after they, in fact, had been taken from Milan.
Cologne's location on the river Rhine placed it at the intersection of the major trade routes between east and west as well as the main south—north Western Europe trade route, Northern Italy to Flanders.
The intersection of these trade routes were the basis of Cologne's growth. By the city population was 50,—55, The economic structures of medieval and early modern Cologne were characterised by the city's status as a major harbour and transport hub on the Rhine.
Craftsmanship was organised by self-administering guilds, some of which were exclusive to women. As a free imperial city , Cologne was a self-ruling state within the Holy Roman Empire , an imperial estate with seat and vote at the Imperial Diet , and as such had the right and obligation to contribute to the defense of the Empire and maintain its own military force.
As they wore a red uniform, these troops were known as the Rote Funken red sparks. These soldiers were part of the Army of the Holy Roman Empire "Reichskontingent" and fought in the wars of the 17th and 18th century, including the wars against revolutionary France, when the small force was almost completely wiped out in combat.
The tradition of these troops is preserved as a military persiflage by Cologne's most outstanding carnival society, the Rote Funken.
Since the second half of the 16th century the majority of archbishops were drawn from the Bavaria Wittelsbach dynasty. Due to the free status of Cologne, the archbishops were usually not allowed to enter the city.
Thus they took up residence in Bonn and later in Brühl on the Rhine. As members of an influential and powerful family, and supported by their outstanding status as electors , the archbishops of Cologne repeatedly challenged and threatened the free status of Cologne during the 17th and 18th centuries, resulting in complicated affairs, which were handled by diplomatic means and propaganda as well as by the supreme courts of the Holy Roman Empire.
Cologne lost its status as a free city during the French period. Thus this region later became part of Napoleon's Empire. The French modernised public life, for example by introducing the Napoleonic code and removing the old elites from power.
The Napoleonic code remained in use on the left bank of the Rhine until , when a unified civil code the Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch was introduced in the German Empire.
The permanent tensions between the Roman Catholic Rhineland and the overwhelmingly Protestant Prussian state repeatedly escalated with Cologne being in the focus of the conflict.
In the archbishop of Cologne, Clemens August von Droste-Vischering , was arrested and imprisoned for two years after a dispute over the legal status of marriages between Protestants and Roman Catholics Mischehenstreit.
In , during the Kulturkampf , Archbishop Paul Melchers was imprisoned before taking asylum in the Netherlands. These conflicts alienated the Catholic population from Berlin and contributed to a deeply felt anti-Prussian resentment, which was still significant after World War II, when the former mayor of Cologne, Konrad Adenauer , became the first West German chancellor.
Industrialisation changed the city and spurred its growth. Vehicle and engine manufacturing was especially successful, though the heavy industry was less ubiquitous than in the Ruhr area.
The cathedral , started in but abandoned around , was eventually finished in not just as a place of worship but also as a German national monument celebrating the newly founded German empire and the continuity of the German nation since the Middle Ages.
Some of this urban growth occurred at the expense of the city's historic heritage with much being demolished for example, the city walls or the area around the cathedral and sometimes replaced by contemporary buildings.
Cologne was designated as one of the Fortresses of the German Confederation. Cologne was occupied by the British Army of the Rhine until , under the terms of the Armistice and the subsequent Versailles Peace Treaty.
Konrad Adenauer , the mayor of Cologne from until and later a West German chancellor, acknowledged the political impact of this approach, especially since Britain had opposed French demands for a permanent Allied occupation of the entire Rhineland.
As part of the demilitarisation of the Rhineland , the city's fortifications had to be dismantled. This was an opportunity to create two green belts Grüngürtel around the city by converting the fortifications and their fields of fire into large public parks.
This was not completed until In the University of Cologne , closed by the French in , was reopened. This was considered to be a replacement for the loss of the University of Strasbourg on the west bank of the Rhine, which reverted to France with the rest of Alsace.
Cologne prospered during the Weimar Republic —33 , and progress was made especially in public governance, city planning, housing and social affairs.
Social housing projects were considered exemplary and were copied by other German cities. Cologne competed to host the Olympics, and a modern sports stadium was erected at Müngersdorf.
When the British occupation ended, the prohibition of civil aviation was lifted and Cologne Butzweilerhof Airport soon became a hub for national and international air traffic, second in Germany only to Berlin Tempelhof Airport.
The democratic parties lost the local elections in Cologne in March to the Nazi Party and other right wing parties. The Nazis then arrested the Communist and Social Democrats members of the city assembly, and Mayor Adenauer was dismissed.
Compared to some other major cities, however, the Nazis never gained decisive support in Cologne. Significantly, the number of votes cast for the Nazi Party in Reichstag elections had always been the national average.
Cologne was home to the th Infantry Regiment and the 26th Artillery Regiment. The Allies dropped 44, During the Bombing of Cologne in World War II , Cologne endured air raids  by the Western Allies , which caused approximately 20, civilian casualties and almost completely wiped out the central part of the city.
The devastation was recorded by Hermann Claasen from until the end of the war, and presented in his exhibition and book of Singing in the furnace.
Cologne — Remains of an old city . Cologne was taken by the American First Army in early March This loss was mainly caused by a massive evacuation of the people to more rural areas.
The same happened in many other German cities in the last two years of war. By the end of , however, the population had already recovered to approximately , Despite Cologne's status as the largest city in the region, nearby Düsseldorf was chosen as the political capital of the federated state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
With Bonn being chosen as the provisional federal capital provisorische Bundeshauptstadt and seat of the government of the Federal Republic of Germany then informally West Germany , Cologne benefited by being sandwiched between two important political centres.
The city became—and still is—home to a number of federal agencies and organizations. After reunification in , Berlin was made the capital of Germany.
In architect and urban planner Rudolf Schwarz called Cologne the "world's greatest heap of rubble". Schwarz designed the master plan for reconstruction in , which included the construction of several new thoroughfares through the city centre, especially the Nord-Süd-Fahrt "North-South-Drive".
The master plan took into consideration the fact that even shortly after the war a large increase in automobile traffic could be anticipated.
Plans for new roads had already, to a certain degree, evolved under the Nazi administration, but the actual construction became easier when most of the city centre was in ruins.
Gereon , Great St. Martin , St. The rebuilding of those churches and other landmarks such as the Gürzenich event hall was not undisputed among leading architects and art historians at that time, but in most cases, civil intention prevailed.
The reconstruction lasted until the s, when the Romanesque church of St. Kunibert was finished. In , the city's population reached pre-war numbers again.
In the s and s Cologne's economy prospered for two main reasons. The first was the growth in the number of media companies, both in the private and public sectors; they are especially catered for in the newly developed Media Park, which creates a strong visual focal point in Cologne's city centre and includes the KölnTurm , one of Cologne's most prominent high-rise buildings.
The second was the permanent improvement of the diverse traffic infrastructure, which made Cologne one of the most easily accessible metropolitan areas in Central Europe.
Due to the economic success of the Cologne Trade Fair , the city arranged a large extension to the fair site in At the same time the original buildings, which date back to the s, were rented out to RTL , Germany's largest private broadcaster, as their new corporate headquarters.
Cologne was the focus of the New Year's Eve sexual assaults in Germany , with over women reporting that they were sexually assaulted by persons of African and Arab appearance.
Cologne is divided into 9 boroughs Stadtbezirke and 85 districts Stadtteile : . Located in the Rhine-Ruhr area, Cologne is one of the warmest cities in Germany.
It has a temperate — oceanic climate Köppen: Cfb with cool winters and warm summers. It is also one of the cloudiest cities in Germany, with just hours of sun a year.
Its average annual temperature is In January, the mean temperature is 5. The record high temperature of 40C F happened on 25 July during the July European heat wave in which Cologne saw three consecutive days over 38C F.
Temperatures can vary significantly over the course of a month with warmer and colder weather. Precipitation is spread evenly throughout the year with a light peak in summer due to showers and thunderstorms.
Cologne is regularly affected by flooding from the Rhine and is considered the most flood-prone European city. Cologne is the fourth-largest city in Germany after Berlin , Hamburg and Munich.
As of 31 December , there were 1,, people registered as living in Cologne in an area of There were , women and , men in Cologne. For every 1, males, there were 1, females.
In , there were 11, births in Cologne of which In the city, the population was spread out, with According to the Statistical Office of the City of Cologne, the number of people with a migrant background is at The average household size was 1.
Cologne residents with a foreign citizenship as of 31 December is as follows: . These dialects are spoken in the area covered by the Archdiocese and former Electorate of Cologne reaching from Neuss in the north to just south of Bonn , west to Düren and east to Olpe in the North-West of Germany.
Kölsch is one of the very few city dialects in Germany, which also include the dialect spoken in Berlin , for example. As of , It is known that in the early second century it was a bishop's seat.
The first historical Bishop of Cologne was Saint Maternus. According to the census, 2. In , about Cologne also has one of the oldest and largest Jewish communities in Germany.
The city's administration is headed by the mayor and the three deputy mayors. The long tradition of a free imperial city, which long dominated an exclusively Catholic population and the age-old conflict between the church and the bourgeoisie and within it between the patricians and craftsmen have created its own political climate in Cologne.
Various interest groups often form networks beyond party boundaries. The resulting web of relationships, with political, economic, and cultural links with each other in a system of mutual favours, obligations and dependencies, is called the 'Cologne coterie'.
This has often led to an unusual proportional distribution in the city government and degenerated at times into corruption: in , a "waste scandal" over kickbacks and illegal campaign contributions came to light, which led not only to the imprisonment of the entrepreneur Hellmut Trienekens, but also to the downfall of almost the entire leadership of the ruling Social Democrats.
She received City Councillors are elected for a five-year term and the Mayor has a six-year term. Source: City of Cologne . The reconstruction of the city followed the style of the s, while respecting the old layout and naming of the streets.
Thus, the city today is characterized by simple and modest post-war buildings, with a few interspersed pre-war buildings which were reconstructed due to their historical importance.
Some buildings of the "Wiederaufbauzeit" era of reconstruction , for example, the opera house by Wilhelm Riphahn , are nowadays regarded as classics of modern architecture.
The presence of animals in Cologne is generally limited to insects, small rodents, and several species of birds. Pigeons are the most often seen animals in Cologne, although the number of birds is augmented each year by a growing population of feral exotics, most visibly parrots such as the rose-ringed parakeet.
The sheltered climate in southeast Northrhine-Westphalia allows these birds to survive through the winter, and in some cases, they are displacing native species.
The plumage of Cologne's green parrots is highly visible even from a distance, and contrasts starkly with the otherwise muted colours of the cityscape.
Cologne had 5. Great St. Martin Church. Basilica of St. Madrid 6. Berlin 3. Barcelona 3. Athen 3. Rom 2. Budapest 2. Lissabon 2. Bukarest 2. Wien 1.
Hamborg 1. Warszawa 1. Valencia 1. Marseille 1. Amsterdam 1. Lyon 1. München 1. Milano 1. Stockholm 1. Prag 1. Sofia 1. Porto 1. Bruxelles 1. Dublin 1.
Helsinki 1. Köln Echte Kölner sprechen Kölsch - oder schwaade Kölsch, su säht der Kölsche. Die Sprache der Domstadt weist so manche Besonderheit auf.
Wer von euch spricht Kölsch und kennt die folgenden Begriffe? Was aber ist das Kölner Brett? Weil die Zahl der Covid-Infizierten immer weiter ansteigt, haben die Ministerpräsidenten der Länder einen Lockdown beschlossen, der vom 1.
November gilt. Wir sagen Euch, auf welche Einschränkungen Ihr euch in diesem Zeitraum einstellen müsst.
Doch auch dies fällt nun aus. Für clevere Kölner Et kölsche Quiz: wie gut kennt ihr Köln wirklich? Kennt ihr euch wirklich gut in und mit euerer Stadt aus?
Die Bezeichnung "Imi" für einen hinzugezogenen Kölner ist weit verbreitet. Aber wo kommt die Bezeichnung her? Weitere Meldungen aus Köln.
Was ist los in Köln? Der Hafen-Weihnachtsmarkt am Kölner Schokoladenmuseum soll stattfinden. Wegen der Corona-Pandemie allerdings anders als gewohnt.
Doro Pesch ist unterwegs und bringt den "Earthshaker Rock" ins Henkelmännchen. In kürzester Zeit wurde er zu einem der erfolgreichsten Rapper Deutschlands: Apache Weitere Top-Veranstaltungen in Köln.
Beliebte Online-Spiele. Solitär op Kölsch.Ab Bs To Big Bang Kölm Stehende Truppe nach der Römerzeit scheint erst wieder im Jahr dokumentiert zu sein. Baseball-Bundesliga und war Deutscher Meister. Eine Besonderheit ist die Rheinseilbahnsie war Kinox The Accountantvor dem Bau der Rheinseilbahn zur Bundesgartenschau in Koblenz, die einzige in Betrieb befindliche Seilbahn zur Überquerung eines Flusses in Deutschland. Jahrhundert Adventure Time Stream Deutsch Kostenlos. Verzeichnisse Branchen Gastro. Sport Nach drei Pflichtsiegen gegen Schalke, St. Diese dienten ursprünglich zur Bierausgabe der Kölner Brauereien und haben sich zum Hauptanbieter bürgerlicher Küche in Köln entwickelt. E-Velo für umweltfreundliche Mobilität Im Rahmen einer Aerodynamik-Vorlesung Kölm von drei Bachelorarbeiten ist der Prototyp einer aerodynamischen Wetterschutzverkleidung für E-Liegedreiräder entstanden. Vom 6. März von The Animatrix der 3. In kürzester Zeit wurde er zu einem der erfolgreichsten Stolz Und Vorurteil Ganzer Film Deutsch 2005 Deutschlands: Apache DuMont Schauberg Köln. Die Bruttowertschöpfung betrug 55,9 Milliarden Euro